Abbreviations

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CDR

carbon dioxide removal

COP

Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC

GHG

greenhouse gas emissions

Gt

gigatonnes – unit of mass

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change of the United Nations

MRV

monitoring, reporting and verification

NAPs

national adaptation plans

NbS

nature-based solutions

NDCs

nationally determined contributions

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change


Acknowledgements

The making of this report was led by Future Earth, The Earth League and the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). It was made possible, in part, thanks to financial support from Formas – a Swedish research council for sustainable development (communication grant number 2021-00273).

We acknowledge the work of the following individuals in their respective capacities:

EDITORIAL BOARD

Wendy Broadgate – Future Earth Secretariat, Sweden

Mercedes Bustamante – University of Brasilia, Brazil

Josep Canadell – Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia

Deliang Chen – University of Gothenburg, Sweden

Helen Cleugh – Australian National University, Australia

Kris Ebi – University of Washington, United States

Sabine Fuss – Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change (MCC), Germany

Shuaib Lwasa – Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Aditi Mukherji – CGIAR, India

Chukwumerije Okereke – University of Reading, United Kingdom

Nadia Ouedraogo – United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Ethiopia

Åsa Persson – Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden

Johan Rockström – Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Germany; University of Potsdam, Germany

Regina Rodrigues – Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Brazil

Joyashree Roy – Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand

Lisa Schipper – University of Bonn, Germany

Peter Schlosser – Arizona State University, United States

Youba Sokona – African Climate Policy Centre, Mali

Detlef Stammer – University of Hamburg, Germany

Rowan Sutton – University of Reading, United Kingdom

EDITOR COORDINATORS

Clea Edwards – Arizona State University, United States

Daniel Ospina – Future Earth Secretariat, Sweden

CHAPTER AUTHORS

INSIGHT 1

Laura Pereira – University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa; Stockholm University, Sweden

Norman J. Steinert – NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, Norway; Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Norway

Nico Wunderling – Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Germany; Stockholm University, Sweden

Kirsten Zickfeld – Simon Fraser University, Canada

Insight coordinator: Sophie Hebden – Future Earth Secretariat, Sweden

INSIGHT 2

Ploy Achakulwisut – Stockholm Environment Institute, Thailand

Greg Muttitt – International Institute for Sustainable Development, Switzerland

Gregor Semieniuk– University of Massachusetts Amherst, United States

Gregory Trencher – Kyoto University, Japan

Insight coordinator: Sunhee Suk – Future Earth Secretariat, Japan; Nagasaki University, Japan

INSIGHT 3

Oliver Geden – German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Germany

Zeke Hausfather – Stripe, United States; Berkeley Earth, United States

Gregory Nemet – University of Wisconsin Madison, United States

Julia Pongratz – Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Germany

Insight coordinator: Aaron Redman – Arizona State University, United States; Monitoring and Evaluating Climate Communication and Education Project (MECCE), Canada

INSIGHT 4

Ana Bastos – Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Germany

Marco Fernández-Martínez – Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications (CREAF), Spain

Nicolas Gruber – ETH Zürich, Switzerland

Judith Hauck – Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Germany

Prabir Patra – Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan; Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN), Japan

Anja Rammig – Technical University of Munich, Germany

Insight coordinator: Maria Martin – Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Germany

INSIGHT 5

David Obura – CORDIO East Africa, Kenya

Tom Oliver – University of Reading, United Kingdom

Yunne-Jai Shin – Université de Montpellier, France

Insight coordinators: Tanja Blome and Maria Wolff – Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), Germany

INSIGHT 6

Thomas L. Frölicher – University of Bern, Switzerland

Luke Harrington – University of Waikato, New Zealand

Colin Raymond – University of California Los Angeles, United States

Lisa Thalheimer – United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security, Germany; University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Vikki Thompson – Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), Netherlands

Jiabo Yin – Wuhan University, China

Jakob Zscheischler – Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Germany; Technische Universität Dresden, Germany

Insight coordinator: Aaron Redman – Arizona State University, United States; Monitoring and Evaluating Climate Communication and Education Project (MECCE), Canada

INSIGHT 7

Anubha Aggarwal – Delhi Technological University, India

Matthias Huss – ETH Zürich, Switzerland

Anjal Prakash – Indian School of Business, India

David Rounce [lead author] – Carnegie Mellon University, United States
Insight coordinator: Cristobal Reveco – Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), Germany

INSIGHT 8

Carol Farbotko – Griffith University, Australia

Bishawjit Mallick – Utrecht University, Netherlands

Mark Pelling – University College London, United Kingdom

Tasneem Siddiqui – University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Kees van der Geest – United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security, Germany

Insight coordinator: Paula Mirazo – Arizona State University, United States

INSIGHT 9

Edward Carr – Clark University, Massachusetts, United States

Saleemul Huq – International Centre for Climate Change & Development (ICCCAD), Bangladesh; International Institute for Environment & Development (IIED), United Kingdom; Independent University Bangladesh (IUB), Bangladesh

Ma. Laurice Jamero – Manila Observatory, Philippines

Sirkku Juhola – University of Helsinki, Finland

Ben Orlove – Columbia University, United States

Saskia Werners – United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security, Germany; Wageningen University & Research, Netherlands 

Insight coordinator: Giles Sioen – Future Earth Secretariat, Japan; National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan

INSIGHT 10

Aniek Hebinck – Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands

Steven McGreevy – University of Twente, Netherlands

Odirilwe Selomane – University of Pretoria, South Africa

Vartika Singh – Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany; International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPR), India; Indian Institute of Management, India

Insight coordinator: Nilushi Kumarasinghe – Future Earth Secretariat, Canada; Sustainability in the Digital Age, Canada

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